Wednesday, April 22, 2015

The Rapture & the Second Coming

Daniel the Prophet foresaw a terrifying beast that will have dominion over the entire earth. He will reign for a week of years, the final week of Daniel’s Messianic prophecy.

The beast will persecute God and the saints for a time, times, and half a time. That period is interpreted as a year, two years, and half a year based on John’s Revelation. Therefore, the beast’s global rampage will span 3.5 years which is the equivalent of 42 months or 1,260 days. That period will be preceded by another 3.5 years when the beast will capture the popular imagination and inspire allegiance and devotion. Hence, the beast will enjoy a seven year reign, the second half of which will be a time of unprecedented suffering, called the Great Tribulation.

The intervals of time revealed in Daniel 12:11-12 can be interpreted as follows: 1,260 + 30 + 45 = 1,335. Thus it is believed that the Second Coming of Jesus Christ will occur 30 days after the Great Tribulation. Forty-five days later, Christ will establish His Millennial Kingdom.

The rapture of the saints is also documented in Scripture. Interestingly, the word rapture doesn’t appear in the Bible. It is derived from the Latin verb “rapere” which literally means to be transported from one place to another. The word rapture came into usage to denote the coming of Jesus to gather together His elect.

The Greek word “parousia” is used in Scripture to signify the rapture of the saints. “Parousia” is also used to signify the Second Coming. Hence there is confusion as to whether these are two separate events, a single event, or different aspects of the same event. If you believe they are two separate events, then you believe in a pre-Tribulation rapture. If you believe they are a single event or different aspects of the same event, then you believe in a post-Tribulation rapture.

Revelation 3:10 and Daniel 12:1 are examples of Scriptural evidence supporting a pre-Tribulation rapture. Moreover, some who espouse a pre-Tribulation rapture believe that Christ’s return to establish His Millennial Kingdom will occur on a known day. Their belief is based on the “timeline” which I’ve outlined above. Because Christ’s coming to rapture the saints will occur on an unknown day, they conclude that the rapture and the Second Coming couldn’t be the same event.

While the argument supporting a pre-Tribulation rapture is convincing, I don’t believe that the Second Coming will occur on a known day. In my mind, Matthew 24 makes that perfectly clear. In Matthew 24:29-31, Jesus describes His coming “immediately after the tribulation.” Then, in Matthew 24:36, He states emphatically that His Second Coming will occur on an unknown day: “But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone.”

Some might ask, “What about the timeline? Surely someone living in the Tribulation could calculate the day of Christ’s return.” But has the Bible revealed all the details about the end times? For example, will there be an interruption in the beast’s seven year reign? Will that interruption be linked to his assassination? How much time will elapse between his assassination and the reincarnation? Will it be just a few days or a few months? During that time, will the beast’s assassin seize control of his throne? Hence, the timeline provides an undetailed general plan and nothing more.

Truly, “we know in part and we prophecy in part but when the perfect comes the partial will be done away with.” Remember what Jesus told His apostles before His Ascension. “It is not for you to know times or epochs which the Father has fixed by His own authority.” And again, “Therefore be on the alert, for you do not know which day your Lord is coming.”


  1. Timeline of the end times: Daniel 9:27; 7:7-8,11,19-20,23-27; Revelation 12:6,14; 13:5; Matthew 24:21

  2. 42 months = 1260 days; based on the prophetical year (twelve 30 day months) e.g. the flood continued unabated for 5 months or 150 days. Genesis 7:11; 8:4; 7:24; 8:3

  3. Parousia denoting the rapture: 1 Corinthians 15:23; 1 Thessalonians 2:19; 4:15; 5:23; 2 Thessalonians 2:1

  4. Parousia denoting the Second Coming: Matthew 24:3,27,37,39; 1 Thessalonians 3:13; 2 Thessalonians 2:8; 2 Peter 1:16

  5. The beast’s assassination: Revelation 13:3,12,14; the reincarnation: Revelation 17:8-11; popular interpretation: the beast will be assassinated and come back to life as the reincarnation of one of the seven kings; type Seven Heads of the Beast into my search bar.

  6. Scriptural references: Acts 1:7; Matthew 24:42; Daniel 12:9; 1 Corinthians 13:9,10

  7. Related article: For another timeline, type “Which Way to Armageddon?” into my search bar.